Traditional Apple Strudel


Apple StrudelI grew up eating apple strudel.  My mother and grandmother, who came from Yugoslavia would make the strudel dough from scratch on Sundays’ and pull the dough out so thinly you could read a paper through it.

There was a round table covered with fresh white tablecloths on which it was pulled.  My job was to sweep up the thin shards that would flake off as it was folded.  The large single sheet extending over the edges of the table was folded over and over on top of itself, filled and baked.  Fortunately, these days phyllo can be found frozen and I honestly cannot see any advantage to trying to make my own.

Phyllo is the piecrust of Mediterranean and Middle East cuisine.  It can be used in sweet and savory dishes.  Many, many years ago when I first became interested in food writing, I wrote a book with every type of recipe imaginable using phyllo. Unfortunately, publishers were not much interested.  Phyllo is the correct spelling for this magical dough but it is also referred to as filo.

There are several brands of phyllo.  The most important factor in buying the dough for this Apple Strudel is to make sure it is 18 x 13 inches. 13x18 package phyllo for Traditional Apple Strudel Athens, probably the most sold phyllo has, for some reason, I cannot contemplate, decided several years ago to cut the dough smaller and offer two packages in their box as opposed to one single package with larger layers.  The larger layers are so much more useful that I have stopped buying the others.  You will have about half the package of phyllo left over.  However, you simply roll it back  up, enclose it in the original sleeve, seal it and freeze it for another strudel, baklava, spanakopita, tirapita or any other recipe requiring it.Phyllo packages for Traditional Apple Strudel

There is thick and thin phyllo.  If a package does not specify, I assume it is thin as this is the most used.  I haven’t been wrong in this assumption yet, but I guess there is always that chance.

It is best when making anything with phyllo to eat it the same day it is made.  Having said that, if it is held over do not cover it with the exception of the cut end.  Covering it will make the phyllo soggy.

Apple strudel is one of my favorites, but most fruit fillings will work.  Initially, I used Granny Smith apples but I had Honey Crisp apples on hand and found those to be equally good as they don’t become mushy when baked. It important to make the filling first and allow it to juice, then add the crumbs.  This should be completed before the phyllo layers are prepared.

Europeans don’t use starches to thicken filings as much as we do here.  The juices that accumulate from the fruit and sugar used are thickened with buttered breadcrumbs.  The ratio is 1 tablespoon butter per 1/4 cup dried breadcrumbs.  I keep a container of breadcrumbs in my freezer for various purposes.  It is made from bread or rolls that have been dried and then processed into fine crumbs. I find this better than store bought crumbs that can sometimes be stale.

While Apple Strudel or any recipe made with phyllo has an unwarranted reputation for being difficult, I am going to show you how to more easily prepare the phyllo before it dries out. Because the leaves are so thin, it can dry out easily.  Using the book method shown below helps avoid this.

When I decided to post this I did a quick turn around the internet.  It was quite a trip.  One person suggested the butter was used between the layers to “glue them together” which is the exact opposite of what should happen.  Layer, upon layer of leaves, should end up flaky and distinguishable much like puff pastry.Apple Strudel

Apple Strudel is actually an easy dessert to prepare which never fails to amaze people.  Just prepare the filling first so everything is ready to go once the phyllo is buttered and sugared.

I hope this becomes a part of your dessert repertoire and that you make it over and over.

Apple StrudelIngredients for Traditional Apple Strudel2 tablespoons butter
1/2 cup breadcrumbs (50 grams or 1 3/4 ounces)
2 large apples, peeled and cored
1/2 cup sugar (100 grams or 3 1/2 ounces)
3/4 teaspoon cinnamon
1 tablespoon lemon juice or brandy
1/2 cup butter, melted
8 to 9 large phyllo leaves
Granulated sugar as needed

Melt the butter in a saute pan.  Add the breadcrumbs and, stirring frequently,Plain crumbs for Traditional Apple Strudel toast them until a medium brown.  Set aside.Toasted breadcrumbs for Traditional Apple Strudel

Slice the apples thinly. I cross cut mine so the pieces aren’t so big and roll easier in the apple strudel.  There should be about 3 3/4 to 4 cups of apples.  Place them in a large bowl.Cut Apples for Traditional Apple StrudelMix the 1/2 cup sugar and cinnamon together.  Add to the apples along with the lemon juice or brandy.  Sugar on apples for Traditional Apple StrudelStir well and let sit, covered with plastic wrap for about 15 to 20 minutes to allow the fruit to start juicing and the sugar to melt.Film covered apple filling for Traditional apple Strudel

Add the bread crumbs, stir well and let sit while preparing the phyllo.

Preparing the Phyllo– Preheat the oven to 375°F.  Line a rimmed baking sheet with parchment paper. Set aside.

Wet a clean dish towel and wring out all the water.  Lay it flat on your work surface.  Wet towel for Traditional Apple StrudelPlace a piece of parchment or two overlapping pieces, side by side,  if necessary on top of the towel.  It is important the phyllo is not on top of the wet towel.  Parchment on towel for Traditional Apple StrudelPlace the phyllo leaves on top of the parchment.Phyllo on parchment for Traditional Apple StrudelFold the left side of the leaves over the right side like a book.  Unfold the top leaf to the left.  Dip a large spoon into the butter and wave it over the phyllo in a random pattern on the left side only so drops of butter fall off.  I remember seeing my grandmother hold the spoon high over the phyllo and move it around. This can be done a couple of times per leaf.  Buttered phyllo for Traditional Apple Strudel

Sprinkle lightly with granulated sugar.  Repeat unfolding leaves, buttering, and sugaring them.

When you get to the top layer do not prepare it in any way. You can see in the photo below, the left side is buttered and the right side is not.Partially buttered phyllo open for TraditionalApple StrudelFold the right side of the leaves over the left and continue preparing the leaves. buttering and sugaring the right side only this time.  Phyllo folded to left for Traditional Apple StrudelWhen the top is reached and the phyllo is flat, butter and sugar the top.

Stir the filling.  Lay the filling several inches down from the edge of the phyllo closest to you and a couple of inches in on both sides. Apple filling on phyllo for Traditional Apple StrudelFold the edges in over the filling and angle the remaining dough somewhat towards the center.  This is done because, as the apple strudel is rolled, the edges will naturally move out. Edges folded in for Traditional Apple StrudelUse the towel and/or parchment to help roll to the bottom. Roll up Traditional Apple StrudelPlace on the baking sheet seam side down..Traditional Apple Strudel rolled up.

To make cutting easier after baking, score the phyllo, without going through to the filling, into as many pieces as desired.Scored phyllo

Using only the yellow part of the melted butter, not the solid milky bottom, brush the apple strudel. Double Pan. 

Bake for 15 minutes and brush with butter again.  Turn the pan if the strudel is browning on one side more than the other.

Bake for another 15 minutes and brush again, using only the yellow part of the butter.

Bake for about 10 to 15 minutes more until medium golden brown.  Tent lightly with foil if browning too fast.

Cool in the pan on a rack. When cool, use two pancake turners, one on each side to lift it onto a serving plate.


Pastry has not only been my profession, but my passion. If there is anything in particular you would like to see or any questions about baking or pastry, please let me know. Be sure to subscribe so you don't miss a post!
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17 thoughts on “Traditional Apple Strudel

  1. Becky Woods

    Miss Helen, thank you for all these wonderful tips and Mike’s beautiful photos! Will absolutely have to try!

    1. hfletcher Post author

      Hi Dot, I often freeze smaller items made with phyllo but have never tried to freeze a strudel. Because of the size and density of the filling, it would take a much longer time to bake. If you thawed it first, it might become soggy. Just don’t know. If you try it, please let me know how it worked.

        1. hfletcher Post author

          Good choice Dot. Brown your breadcrumbs the day before. You can also peel, core and cut your apples, wrapping them tightly in plastic wrap to keep oxidation to a minimum. It doesn’t matter if they oxidize or not, they discolor in the oven. That will cut down significantly on the rest of the prep. No matter what, you’re guests will love it.

        2. hfletcher Post author

          Good choice Dot. Brown your breadcrumbs the day before. You can also peel, core and cut your apples, wrapping them tightly in plastic wrap to keep oxidation to a minimum. It doesn’t matter if they oxidize or not, they discolor in the oven. That will cut down significantly on the rest of the prep. No matter what, your guests will love it.

      1. hfletcher Post author

        Hi Terry – Go to the top bar when you are on the print page. To the left of the Undo arrow is a box with 100%. Click on that and scroll down to 0. No photos will appear.

        1. Dot

          You can copy and paste it into a Word document and then delete the photos. You could then change the font size, margins, spacing and anything else.

  2. Judy Garden

    Good morning Helen,
    I too have made strudel from scratch and decided once was more than enough. I love using the phyllo. So much easier. One minor edit… when you talk about folding the leaves like a book the first section should read ‘fold the left side of the leaves over to the right like a book’. Not the right side to the left which is in the next step. Like I said, minor edit.
    I also used to put currants in my strudel but I wonder if that was the Dutch version of strudel.
    Love your recipes and the detailed instructions.

    1. hfletcher Post author

      Thanks for the catch Judy. It is fixed. My mother would sometimes use raisins and/or walnut in the filling. There is so much you can do to personalize it.

  3. Pete

    I’m keen to give this a go but I’m a little confused by the folding/buttering bit.

    After placing the filo on the parchment, you say to “fold the right side over the left like a book”. But the picture seems to show you’ve folded the left side over the right. Just a typo?

    When waving the butter over, do you do it just on the left side, or on both left and right at the same time? I can’t tell if the second ‘butter drizzle’ picture is zoomed-in on just the left side, or whether it’s a picture of both the left and right sides drizzled with butter. I’m presuming it’s just the left?

    And have you rotated the (closed) “book” (of 18 layers) through 90 degrees so a long side is facing you, or have you opened the “book” at its mid-point (thus 9 layers) and then placed the filling on top? Is this what the unbuttered mid-point is for, so you can more easliy open the “book”?

    Any help appreciated. Thanks

    1. hfletcher Post author

      Dear Pete, I’m sorry for your confusion. In “Preparing the Phyllo”, the photo shows the phyllo is laid out horizontally. It never changes. You don’t move it after this point. Also, the photo under it shows only the left side of the phyllo is buttered. The right side is not.

      However, I have removed the one photo of buttering to avoid any confusion and have added additional words to clarify. The unbuttered mid-point is so that the right side can be folded over the left side this time and the buttering can continue as before. When you are done, the 8 to 9 leaves are completely buttered and the book is open. At this point, the filling is put on as directed and the whole is rolled up and put on a baking sheet. Hope this helps.

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